Longitudinal exposure to pyrethroids (3-PBA and trans-DCCA) and 2,4-D herbicide in rural schoolchildren of Maule region, Chile
Several studies showed that early exposure to pesticides affects the development and health of children. In Maule, there is previous evidence of the high exposure to organophosphate pesticides (OP) of schoolchildren. However, to date, there are no studies assessing exposure to pyrethroids and the herbicide 2,4-D.
- By: María Teresa Muñoz Quezada, Boris A. Lucero, Juan Pablo Gutiérrez Jara, Rafael J. Buralli, Liliana Zuñiga Venegas, María Pia Muñoz, Karina Vilches Ponce, Verónica Iglesias.
Emerging figurations of space-time: Chronotopes of the body and the classroom in Chilean education
JULY - DECEMBER 2020
Emergent figurations of space-time: chronotopes of the body and the classroom in Chilean education
The historical analysis of Chilean education is proposed taking into account the chronotope perspective of the body in the classroom as an analytical tool that allows us to understand how the most basic and organic way of being in society is constructed and ordered - and eventually segregated.
- By: Sergio Elórtegui, Leticia Arancibia y Andrés Moreira-Muñoz
The flora of the dunes can emerge from Seed Islands (Concón, Chile)
Dune flora can emerge from seed islands (Concon, Chile)
Dune flora can emerge from seed islands (Concon, Chile)
The study of species within natural communities, which has advanced significantly in recent decades, is of great interest in the field of ecology. Through the process of characterizing dunes, sand mounds formed by the wind and their plant communities, we can learn about the physiognomy and floristic composition of the territory. However, little is known about how these plant communities originate. Based on the hypothesis that the flora of the dunes can emerge from the seed islands: holes in the sand 6 cm deep that contain a mixture of seeds, branches of broken bushes and rabbit feces, during the spring we determined the composition of 20 seed islands in the sand dunes of Concón, Chile, and measured how many seeds germinated on each.
- By: Josefa Farías Giusti-Bilz, Sergio Elórtegui Francioli
Virtual Heritage: A model of participatory knowledge construction toward Biogeocultural heritage conservation
Virtual heritage has recently received attention as a novel way to better conserve geological heritage sites and values through the use of advances in digital imaging technology to synthesize, reproduce, represent and display information. Traditionally, there have been difficulties in the inventory, quantification and consolidation of relevant geological heritage sites. This point of contention has been particularly felt in Latin America: although relevant heritage sites are in danger of disappearing, the application of the concepts of geoheritage and geoconservation has been relatively slow and significant difficulties remain in reaching audiences beyond the circles. academics.
- By: Pablo Mansilla-Quiñones, Hermann Manríquez, Andrés Moreira-Muñoz
Towards an Integrated Conservation of the Biogeocultural Landscape of Atacama
Towards an integrated biogeocultural landscape conservation of Atacama
The valuation of the different components of the environment, although with world examples, lacks a systematic and comprehensive conservation strategy from a biogeocultural perspective, linking sites of environmental, cultural, geological and geomorphological wealth, among other values. In this context, understanding the landscape is a key aspect to develop integrated strategies that overcome the classic nature / human dichotomies, as it is a dynamic concept that appeals to different levels of analysis of the space, relating elements of the natural environment, together with the perception and sensitive experience of the observer, resulting in particular and unique conditions in each landscape, and also encouraging its observers to be participants in conservation.
- By: Hermann Manríquez, Andrés Moreira-Muñoz, Pablo Mansilla-Quiñones
Dialogue of the Trades of the Architect and the naturalist, for the construction of an Architecture in Cohabitation
The trades of architect and naturalist converge in this exercise of dialoguing the ways of living, where in one sidewalk the architecture is situated with the formal construction of the space and on the other hand the naturalist, who investigates and explores, deconstructing the relationships of the surface for your understanding. The dialogue between both trades is proposed from an ethical position, where architecture is related to the natural environment from coexistence, that is, the construction of spaces where the relationship with other natural entities and physical phenomena is possible.
- By: Bruno Marambio Márquez, Sergio Elórtegui Francioli
Popular Religion and Sustainability: Improving Synergies within a Biosphere Reserve
Popular Religion and Sustainability: Enhancing Synergies within a Biosphere Reserve
Popular religion and its local manifestations are a feature in conservation areas, such as the Biosphere Reserves. There is a link between various religious practices and the environment, such as those dances that ask for rain or places where elements of the environment have a sacred value. This characteristic is an opportunity to build a foundation of ethical and spiritual values to promote sustainability. The La Campana-Peñuelas Biosphere Reserve is an area constantly threatened by various socio-environmental problems, as well as by changes in land use, fires, monocultures, and its location, being between the two most populated regions of Chile. The following article provides a brief review of some religious practices in the La Campana-Peñuelas Biosphere Reserve and reflections on how they are related and constitute an opportunity to promote sustainability, based on the organizational capacity of local communities and their relationship with humans and non-humans.
- By: Abraham Paulsen, Danilo Petrovich, Andres Moreira-Muñoz
The Chilean Biosphere Reserve Network as a Sustainability Model?
The Chilean biosphere reserves network as a model for sustainability?
The Chilean Network of Biosphere Reserves presents aspects that show progress towards a real sustainability model, such as the modifications in its zoning, from only including central areas, generally already existing National Parks, to the definition of areas that surround these nuclei, such as the Cabo de Hornos National Reserve, reactivating the MaB Program in Chile. Another of the strengths is the relationship with universities and research, as well as the work of the NGOs. However, the designation of Biosphere Reserves does not mean progress in real conservation, nor does it mean a reduction in environmental threats. In practice, environmental conflicts increase and the reality of poverty and environmental justice is not mentioned.
- By: Andrés Moreira Muñoz, Francisca Carvajal, Sergio Elórtegui, Ricardo Rozzi
Geography of Absences, coloniality of being and territory as a critical noun in the Epistemologies of the south
Geography of absences, coloniality of the being and the territory as a critical substantive in the South epistemologies
The production of geographical knowledge in Latin America is subjected to critical judgment from the perspective of the epistemologies of the South developed by Boaventura de Sousa Santos, generating a dialogue between the sociology of absences and the production of absences in geographical thought. It investigates the spatial dimension of coloniality, proposing to integrate the concept of coloniality of being, and delves into the nature / culture and body / space dichotomies, present in modern science. Subsequently, in the search for answers to the geography of absences, the emergence of the territory is investigated as a critical noun of contemporary social movements that answers the modern-capitalist-colonial-patriarchal reason of the sciences, disputing spaces for the production of geographic knowledge - indigenous, peasant, Afro-descendant, - which has been commonly denied.
- By: Pablo Mansilla Quiñones, José Quintero Weir, Andrés Moreira-Muñoz
Geopolitical discussions of development and territorial restructuring Iirsa in the Mercosur-Chile axis
Geopolitical discourses of development and territorial restructuring IIRSA in the Mercosur-Chile axis
The Initiative for the Integration of Regional Infrastructure in South America (IIRSA) is one of the most ambitious geopolitical strategies for territorial and economic restructuring in Latin America. Its socio-environmental impacts have been reported in various countries in the region, however, in the case of Chile, there is little empirical evidence. This article analyzes the territorial and environmental consequences for the case of the Mercosur-Chile corridor, analyzing the discursive strategies of the promoters of IIRSA regarding development, integration and territory that they propose. Later, the way in which economic investments are assembled to this axis is revealed. And the socio-environmental impacts generated by the bi-oceanic corridor and the expansion of the port of Valparaíso are analyzed. The results reveal the way in which development discourses hide the true territorial impacts that the projects entail.
- By: Pablo Mansilla Quiñones, Alexander Panez Pinto, María Ignacia Ponce-Hille
A fight for the Territory, a fight against the borders. Nacla report on the Americas
A Struggle for Territory, a Struggle Against Borders
The Mapuche conflict in Argentina and Chile questions the notions of borders promulgated by the nation-state. Their territorial dispute encompasses not only material control over the land, but also a struggle to define its nature and use.
- By: Pablo Mansilla Quiñones, Miguel Melin Pehuen